Comparative Analysis of Conventional Steel and Composite Drive Shaft
Keywords:Drive shaft, Weight optimization, Composites, ANSYS
Nowadays, diverse engineering applications have been seeing an abundant usage of composite materials in various technologies. Since the drive shaft is a significant component of an automobile, its weight reduction can be crucial in fuel efficiency and more outstanding performance. The work involves substituting composite drive shafts instead of steel drive shafts. This research paper undertakes the investigation of advanced composite materials such as E-Glass/Epoxy, HM-Carbon/Epoxy, and HS-Carbon/Epoxy to evaluate the feasibility of composite material to fulfill the objective automobile drive shaft by evaluating stresses and deflection under subjected load using FEA software ANSYS for given composite material and compared with steel drive shaft to verify optimum results. The results indicate that the replacement of the steel shaft with HS-Carbon/Epoxy composite will yield weight savings of up to 78.94 %.